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Neurological Diagnostic Tests Lead to Accurate Results and Targeted Treatment
In order to discover the best path of treatment for patients with neurological conditions, a range of neurological diagnostic tests must be performed to assist qualified neurosurgical specialists. The most common tests include:
- Angiogram: Also known as a cerebral arteriogram, this is an X-ray of the blood vessels in the affected area. This process is vital for determining the extent of various neurological conditions, including blockages, narrow blood vessels and aneurysms. The procedure involves injecting contrast dye into the blood vessels so that they show up properly on the image.
- CT: A Computer Tomography (CT) Scan is commonly referred to as a CAT scan. This is a non-invasive diagnostic test that uses X-rays and computer technology to show a detailed image of the brain that can be viewed from every angle, giving the neurosurgeon a lot of vital detail on the patient’s condition.
- Discogram: This test assists doctors in evaluating back pain. A dye is injected into the soft center of a patient’s spinal disc, where it moves into any cracks in the disk, causing them to show up on an X-ray.
- EMG: Electromyography is a neurological diagnostic test to measure electrical activity and muscle response to stimulation from a nerve. This can help to diagnose nerve damage and the extent of disruption and damage caused by disease and various neurological conditions.
- MRI: This is known as Magnetic Resonance Imaging and this non-invasive process uses a magnet, radio frequencies and computer technology to get detailed images of the condition of the spine, brain or other parts of the patient. It is very helpful in diagnosing which part of the brain is affected and the extent of the abnormality – vital information needed to decide the next step in treatment.
- Myelogram: Also known as myelography, this is a diagnostic procedure is performed by a radiologist and involves injecting contrast dye into the patient’s spinal chord. This causes the different spinal structures to show up very clearly on X-ray screens.
For more information on different neurological diagnostic tests and neurological conditions, please contact Dr. Bruce Hamilton, a board certified neurosurgeon.